Gap, hole, conspicuous absence
Tool used by the author to enliven and provide voice to the text (e.g., dialogue, alliteration).
An essential technique used in literature (e.g., characterization, setting, plot, theme).
The overall structure or shape of a work that frequently follows an established design. Forms may refer to a literary type (narrative, short story) or to patterns of meter, lines, and rhymes (stanza, verse).
A trend or pattern of shared beliefs or practices that mark an approach to literature (e.g., Realism, Naturalism, Romanticism).
Text that includes literary elements and devices usually associated with fiction to report on actual persons, places, or events. Examples include nature and travel text, biography, memoir and the essay.
A short poem with a song-like quality, or designed to be set to music; often conveying feelings, emotions, or personal thoughts.