A form of a verb that is used as an adjective, adverb, or noun. (See Gerund, Infinitive, Participle.)
The fluency, rhythm, and liveliness in a text that make it unique to the author.
A turn or switch that emphasizes a change in ideas or emotions. It can be marked by the words “but” or “yet.” In a sonnet, this change separates the octave from the sestet.
The use of informal, common speech, particularly of uneducated people. Similar to the use of vernacular.